Carrier Strike Group 8 - 7,000 soldiers on the Ocean
Alert Red on the Atlantic: The heavily armed airplane carrier Strike 8 trained on the ocean in case of emergency. The aim of the four-week maneuver on the Atlantic Ocean is to optimize the tactical interaction of each battleship before they go into the next hot mission. The heart of the fleet is the 333 meter long aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman - guarded by several destroyers and a reconnaissance ship of the Bundeswehr, the frigate Hesse.
Carrier Strike Group 8 - Aircraft Carrier in Action
For two weeks, the Aircraft Carrier Strike Group 8 completed one of the hardest military maneuvers of the US Navy. The tactical cooperation of several teams from three different nations comes first is of paramount importance. Again and again, the 7,000 soldiers on board are shot at and attacked. Fires are extinguished and evacuations rehearsed - extremely realistic battle scenarios. Does the team withstand the challenges?
Carrier Strike Group 8 - Attack on the Atlantic
During the training operation, the 7,000 crew members of the USS Harry S. Truman must do heavy physical labor. The sailors will carry out and evaluate several thousand take-offs and landings until every little detail has been trained to perfection. Because later in the battle only seconds decide about the survival of the pilots and the crew on board.
With more than 11,000 employees, the Mercedes-Benz plant in Wörth is the largest truck factory in the world. Every day more than 400 fully roadworthy trucks run off the line here. From Wörth am Rhein they are exported all over the world - sometimes even via the factory-owned container port. The report accompanies the development of a Tractor Actros - from the first drawings of the designers, the work steps in the engine plant in Mannheim to the final assembly of the truck in Wörth.
Higher, stronger, more robust: Crane builders excel with superlatives. Loads are getting heavier and need to be lifted to hard-to-reach places. One of the big crane companies in this country is Knaack Krane in Hamburg. The company currently has about 60 different cranes, the largest of which can lift up to 750 tons. It takes a long way through planning and installation until the machine is used for the first time - the report accompanies the creation of a mega crane.
At Munich Airport, the world's most modern long-haul aircraft is ready to take off from the runway. The engines start and almost silent, the passenger jet rolls faster and faster to the end point of the runway and takes off. For Lufthansa, the first aircraft of the type A 350 has made a big step into a new world of passenger flight. Airbus' latest aircraft, due to its capacity and condition, is ideal for a Munich hub. Therefore, ten Airbus A350-900 have already been stationed by the airline in the Bavarian capital. From there, the A350 fly into the world, for example to Boston or Delhi. At the Bavarian hub, they are looking forward to the new plane, as it was developed according to a completely new concept and should revolutionize the passenger flight. It takes about two and a half months until a copy of the new long-haul aircraft is ready. At Airbus, they are particularly proud of the final assembly line that was built specifically for the A350. The main L-shaped building for aircraft assembly is 300 meters wide, 125 meters long and 35 meters high. It covers an area of 7.2 hectares. Daylight makes the halls particularly bright and also ensures low power consumption. The new A350 final assembly line is particularly effective. You can now build the jets much faster. The installation of the passenger cabin begins on the A350 unlike other Airbus programs parallel to the assembly of fuselage, wings and tail. That brings about 20 to 30 percent time savings. The A350-900, with its length of 66.89 m in a three-class seating, seats 314 passengers. We powered the A350-900 from Trent XWB engines manufactured by Rolls-Royce, which has a range of 15,000 kilometers. Originally not a completely new aircraft was planned, but only a modernization of the A330 aircraft family. However, as competitor Boeing was very successful on the market with the new widebody aircraft Boeing 767 and Boeing 777, so-called "wide bodies", Airbus changed the strategy for the development of the A350. Contrary to initial planning, Airbus decided in 2005 to largely redevelop the A350 and so only 10 percent of the A350 development was based on the Airbus A330. With this new concept, the A350 offers passengers a completely new travel experience. From the outside, the Airbus A350 looks relatively unimpressive, apart from the curved, tapering wing tips. But those who enter the plane feel directly on the bridge of the "spaceship Enterprise" offset, which lies next to the lighting, especially on the dome-shaped, arched entrance area. Immediately comes a sense of breadth that you normally would not have when entering an airplane.
In Economy Class, passengers receive a completely redeveloped, ergonomically designed seat with a new color concept and 3-3-3 layout, as well as larger screens for the on-board entertainment program. In Business Class there is a self-service kiosk serving snacks and drinks. A total of 36 seats are available here, which can be converted into a two-meter-long bed. In addition to a personal luggage compartment, in which two trolleys fit, the business class guests have a 17-inch monitor at their disposal. Instead of a touchscreen monitor two lights up in front of the passengers. A 10-inch tall and a small one that resembles a smartphone. The latter can be used as a separate screen or as an operation for the larger one.
Not only cows and Kässpatzen come from the Allgäu, but also the biggest and strongest agricultural machines in the world! In Marktoberdorf, Fendt has been building tractors, combine harvesters and harvesters since 1930. Meanwhile, the company with 3000 employees market leader in Germany. In professional circles, the agricultural machines from the Allgäu are considered the noblest and best on the market.
But the road from construction to sale to the farmer is long, after all, the machines have long since become high-tech devices equipped with onboard computers and GPS. The production is therefore very complex and takes place in several steps.
The "1050 Vario" also passes through 29 stations during its production. With a height of 3,60m, a curb weight of 14 tons and 517 hp, it is the strongest standard tractor in the world. At the headquarters in Marktoberdorf, the production of the Acker giant takes place.
In this WORLD report, we show the exciting production, maintenance and use of fields and fields of these mega agricultural machines - a real man's dream!
The BMW plant in Berlin-Spandau has been one of the most important international locations in motorcycle construction for 47 years. Two-wheelers made here are traded worldwide. The product range of the Bavarian automobile manufacturer includes a variety of models, including agile cross-bikes, sporty cruisers, and eco-friendly electric motorcycles. Special wishes? No problem. Bikes that go beyond the usual standard version can also be made to measure in Spandau.
These handmade beasts will undoubtedly make every camper's heart beat faster: Individually designed and extravagantly furnished long-distance mobile homes are the latest craze on the caravan market - at least for those hobby campers who can afford the unusual models. The off-road companions and rolling luxury suites are priced no upper limits. Who are the owners of the most expensive mobile homes in Germany, and what about the hoods of their rolling homes?
In Donauwörth, Bavaria, rescue helicopters are being built at Airbus. In 2017, the ADAC has ordered eleven new H145 helicopters for air rescue - the emergence of one of these models is documented in this film. The innovative technology inside the helicopter is far from everything - as well as the skills of those who sit in the airplanes on the joystick and save lives with the equipment even in hard to reach areas.
MTU (Engine and Turbine Union Friedrichshafen) is a brand of Rolls-Royce Power Systems. Their propulsion systems and large diesel engines, for example, neatly heat ships, heavy and military vehicles or railways. Not infrequently bring such drives namely achievements of up to 12,000 hp. The mega-diesels are manufactured in the idyllic Friedrichshafen on Lake Constance, but the engines "Made in Germany" have long been used worldwide.
Hanging by a thin rope under a helicopter, a hundred meters above the ground, but only centimeters from a hundred thousand Volt power line – not many people can or would like to call this their office. One wrong move, one unexpected gust of wind and death comes knocking. Their life insurance: the highest concentration and perfect team play.
Linemen is a highly entertaining cocktail of fascinating imagery, strong characters, and absorbing storylines. The series follows two teams of linemen from different areas over six episodes in their daily work lives - which is anything other than routine: repairing and building high voltage systems high up in the air, preparing for an upcoming task, training for the expected and unexpected, integrating new team members, the relief when an extremely dangerous plan works out....
This is the story of an animal filmmaker who fulfilled a childhood dream: a documentary, featuring the reclusive and rare kingfisher. The material was not shot in some distant country; it was made here in Germany, in the centre of Europe's green heart, near a tributary of the Rhine.
Animal filmmaker Hans-Jürgen Zimmermann used to admire the flying diamond even as a small child. As an adult, he could at last capture this beautiful bird on film - closer and more intensive than ever before. The results enable us to share his observations as if we had actually participated in the film our-selves. Watch the kingfisher, caught on the wing whilst hunting. Experience how elegantly and powerfully the bird breaks the surface of the water, thereby catching small fish. Enjoy detailed footage of the exciting family life of these fascinating animals.
The film reveals the secret life of the timid kingfisher, from the beginning of territorial conflicts in spring, the digging of a breeding hollow and the hostile attacks of a sparrow hawk, to the persistent expelling of the young birds from the parental territory - all captured in truly unique pictures. Experience a passionate and unforgettable documentary. Look forward to this delightful declaration of love to our wild nature - and to the flying diamond.
Millions of these gnus join forces annually to participate in one huge migration - always with luscious grass in their sights. Roaring, snorting, bucking, continuously reproductive en route, they head west - across the Serengeti from Tanzania to Kenya and back. With a large variety of animals in their wake - friend and foe: zebra families that resemble pale flotsam in a dark ocean amidst the gnu herds; or lions, and hyaenas in hope of their next victims. Along their way, they encounter hippopotami and crocodiles - and all of them embroiled in the cycle of "devour and be devoured".
The filmmakers follow the artiodactyls, armed with their cameras and lay in wait on the so-called "birthing meadow". There, in the world's largest maternity room, 250.000 calves will be born within the next three weeks. The journey from there to the pasture regions of Kenya is especially dangerous for young animals - and here the film also illustrates nature's harshness. And then there is the "revenge of the gnus", something that Vita and Rolf Köster have become acquainted with. The two filmmakers gained unusual access to the world's most famous game reserve whilst shooting their film in search of the even-toed animals.
In the warm Pacific just off the coast of Maui, a hump whale mother has paired and given birth to her baby. Now, the time has come, whereby she has to take her baby on a 5.500-kilometre-long journey to the grazing grounds off Alaska. The animal has already lost 30% of its weight, but she still has to constantly feed her calf.
Their destination is in Alaska's south, where the whale mother will hunt herrings with the other humpback whales. Together, they create so-called air nets and surround the herrings: This is known as bubble net feeding. Orcas go fishing here for herrings, too, but also hunt down whale calves.
Again and again, prior to each bubble net, one can hear the humpback whales singing. This is drowned out only by the sounds of thousands of seagulls that nest in the cliffs close by. Employing various tricks and much to the consternation of the humpback whales, puffins and northern sea lions attempt to benefit from the prey in the bubble net.
In the south of the bay, belugas have arrived at the salmon rivers, in order to hunt salmon. We manage to dive and capture them on camera.
In contrast to the humpbacks, they are extremely tame and enjoy con-tact with humans. A unique cat-and-mouse game begins.
Sardinia has always been the epitome of pure wilderness, an emerald of volcanic origin in the Mediterranean. 1900 meters of coastline and an infinite maze of offshore islands. But Sardinia also has other facets: green valleys, rugged mountains, murmuring brooks, mysterious ruins and a unique fauna.
Just off of Sardinia's coast is an untouched underwater paradise - uniquely beautiful, but also dangerous. Pilot whales, dolphins and mobula rays populate the waters at Capo Testa in the north of the island. In the west, the lagoons of Cabras represent a wild landscape of lakes in which thousands of flamingos live and hunt the red brine shrimps. In addition to the flamingos, grey and purple herons and little egrets breed here. Thousands of bats have found refuge in the craggy mountain world of the Supramonte and Gennargentu, with their countless grottoes and caves.
In the sea we can observe the mass mating of sea slugs, and thanks to our camera robots and submersible boats we were able to observe beard worms with luminous red gills, as well as bright yellow tree corals in the area surrounding the hypothermal lava holes.
The wide, often untouched wilderness of the Baltic hinterland is home to many animals. More than 350 brown bears live in the primeval forests of Alutaguse. In the spring, the Soomaa National Park transforms into a huge lake. Europe's widest waterfall is located in Latvia. In the beginning of May, vimba bream follow the course of the River Venta. The hardly 50-centimetre-long fish have to overcome a 400-metre-long rock barrier in order to reach their spawning grounds.
The Baltics are rich in superlatives: a fifth of the world's spotted eagle stocks breed here. One of the largest courtship arenas for snipes is located here in the floodplains of Latvia. More than 1000 wolves go on the hunt in Latvia's forests. Lithuania is the land of storks - with over 13.000 pairs, no other region in the Baltic States has more white storks.
Australia stands for tourism icons like the Ayers Rock, the Pinnacles and the Kakadu National Park. Crocodiles, Koalas and Kangaroos are possibly the most popular animals of the world. Venomous snakes, and spiders are in focus of the media as well as the famous great Barrier Reef and the Ningaloo Reef - the reef of the whale sharks. This under-water documentary concentrates on the two big coral reefs. The Australian Paul Waghorn is one of the underwater specialists of the Mountain Pictures team. He possibly spends more hours underwater than on land. He describes the biodiversity off the two reefs at the east and west coast of Australia as a symphony of the ocean. It teaches us to understand not only the animals but also our own humans variety of species as a miracle. Nature does not know man made rules and religions and it is anything but a happy wonderland. The species have developed her own methods of surviving. Pauls cinematic concert is asking the spectator to think about wrong or right, good and bad, stupidity and cleverness in the world of plants and creatures of the ocean.
Octopuses and squids are anything but cuddly pets. They have neither legs nor fins. Instead, they have snakelike arms, covered in suction caps - eight or ten, dangerous tentacles, which grow out of their heads. To add to their bizarre appearance, they are soft flabby, void of vertebrae or bones. When in danger, they emit foul-smelling ink. They originate from a time before humans walked the earth; from the primeval period, before fish populated the oceans. It is therefore hardly surprising, that these cephalopods seem so strange and disconcerting to us.
Our film trip takes us to the Sea of Cortez, to the Socorro Islands, where fish are in abundance. It is here that we want to find the legend-ary Humboldt squid, to capture its nocturnal hunt for food on camera. Mantas, white-tip reef sharks, sea lions and dolphins accompany us. Before our late night rendezvous with the squids, we get some close ups of the sophisticated hunting techniques of swordfish, or Merlin.
On Vancouver Island, we accompany Karen Palmer and David Pickles, experts on giant octopi, on their search for the eight-armed cephalo-pods. We are also on hand, when they greeted by their "favourites", witnesses to a unique communication between man and animal.
With the aid of modern technology, reveal the unknown behaviour of some unusual species of shark: lemon sharks and their white-tip reef counterparts. Our film trip begins on the Bahamas. To be more precise: in the turquoise-blue waters of the Grand Bahama Bank, in an exactly fixed location.
In the spring, 70 - 80 pregnant lemon sharks arrive here. This huge shark population was first discovered just a few years ago by shark researcher, Professor Sam Gruber. Many of the females are tired and rest on the seabed. Pregnant tiger sharks swim in the midst of this group. Without any protection whatsoever, our cameramen shoot their footage, surrounded by sharks and succeed in capturing images hitherto unseen.
We continue our journey to Gainesville, Florida, to meet Gordon Hubbell, the leading shark denture expert with the world’s largest shark denture collection. He knows everything about the evolutionary history of the lemon sharks, in addition to those of the white-tip reef variety off Cocos Island, Costa Rica. Here, we encounter large schools of fish, unprecedented numbers of stingrays, as well as hammerhead sharks. However, it is the white-tip reek sharks that make the biggest impression. Their performance begins late at night. Marauding, they patrol in large groups through the reefs and hunt everything that moves. Scales and dead prey fish float above the reef - a welcoming change of diet for the ubiquitous barracudas.
The family of the medusae are not only the most venomous ocean inhabitants but also some of the deepest divers. Medusae have been found as deep as 8.300 meters.
Their existence is paramount to the oceans. Many of the large migrations of fish and mammals would not be possible without the existence of jellies. They are a crucial part of the food chain, many fish feed on jellies and in turn mammals or larger migratory predators feed on fish.
The scientist Gerhard Jarms of the Zoological Institute of the University of Hamburg takes us on a journey into the exotic world of jellyfish. He is one of the most renowned medusae scientists in the world.
Our expedition begins in the northern Atlantic where we will find the mysterious periphylla. We will continue on to the Azores in the Atlantic. There we will search for the XY jellies that seek shelter in caves in rough seas. In the Pacific we will swim with the jellies in the famous Jellyfish Lake and last but not least we will explore some of the world's most beautiful coral reefs of western Papua. And at the very end danger lurks around every corner as we set out to search off Australia's coast for the fatal sea wasp - one of the most poisonous ocean inhabitants.
A fantastic journey amidst picturesque Rhine landscapes during the course of the seasons, which will afford the viewer intimate insights into the species-rich flora and fauna and will certainly whet their appetites for their own personal discovery tours.
No other German waterway has featured in literature, music and poetry as often as the Rhine. And no other region in Germany is as famous internationally as the Upper Middle Rhine Valley between Bingen, Rüdesheim and Koblenz. This spectacular river valley was recognised in 2002 as "a cultivated landscape of enormous diversity and beauty" by UNESCO and distinguished as a "World Heritage" site.
The large number of castles, the steep slope viticulture, the legendary Lorelei and the small hamlets that cling to the narrow riverbank beneath the steep slopes, are all ingredients that go into making the Rhine one of Germany's most romantic areas. The extraordinary amounts of natural riches in the Middle Rhine Valley on the other hand, are virtually unknown. In the wildly romantic and steep cliffs on both sides of the Rhine, a fascinating, almost unparalleled biodiversity abounds, including absolute treasures rarely found anywhere else other than in the wild nature of the Lorelei Valley.
The heart of the Indo-Pacific region, the Sulu sea, separates the north-ern coast of Borneo and the west coast of the Philippines. The coasts of the relatively small ocean, are home to inhabitants with a colourful culture and abundant animal life invites nature lovers for a visit. The island of Omadal is home of the Bajau. This nomadic tribe lives on wooden vessels or ashore in pile-dwellings. Harvesting seaweed generates them the money that is needed to buy all other goods on the market.
The underwater world of the Sulu sea is dominated by intact colourful reefs. Beautiful coloured mantis shrimps hunt with spears or their legs. Harlequin prawns always hold a starfish in standby to eat of. The Mimic Oktopus, a squid, camouflages himself as a flounder or as a starfish. Only rarely will he be seen in his real shape, as an octopus.
The National territory of the Philippines covers 7000 islands, build from volcanic activities. The Mt. Pinatobo was considered to be extinct. But it just was dormant. When he woke up in 1991, the most powerful eruption of the 20th Century buried whole areas underneath his volcanic ashes. At the last location of this journey the camera crew got goose-flesh thanks to a very special tradition of the Ibanoi people on the island of Luzon. The team was allowed to film how these natives mummify those who passed away and bury them in tiny wood coffins.
Curacao is one of the most popular attractions for countless cruise ships on their trips through the Caribbean, because it is located outside of the hurricane belt. This is why Eric Miguel is constantly in action. He is the bridge keeper of the Queen Emma Bridge, the landmark of Curacao's capital, Willemstad. After his shift, Eric goes to Yvonne Troeman's cook-shop. Her speciality is Kadushi, a cactus soup. The ingredients include cactus flesh, pigtail's, mussels and a few secret "treats".
Barbara van Bebber is the only submarine pilot on Curacao and literally gets to the bottom of things amidst the turquoise-blue wonder of the Caribbean. She charters out her sub to marine biologists and wealthy private explorers, simultaneously cleaning up on the seabed. Her "Curasub" has claw arms, which she employs to remove anything that doesn't belong down there: beer bottles, car tyres, and plastic refuse.
Jeroen Eikelenboom simply carts sand from a neighbouring cove to his own surf club in his favourite bay.
More than 3000 western lowland gorillas live in the Central African Republics Dzanga-Sangha National Park. They are the lesser-known relatives of the well-researched mountain gorillas. Animal videographer Thomas Behrend has followed Makumba the silverback and his family wherever they went for several months. Including some very rare footage, the film enables an insight into the life of a lowland gorilla family, as well as the people studying them. During his stay in the jungle, Behrend captured touching scenes of the life of the gorillas on camera, from frolicking offspring to the silverbacks frustration with his disobedient "wife". He too discovered the peculiarities of life in the jungle: the ubiquitous humidity, irritating mosquitoes and forest elephants that break into the camp at night.
Whoever wants to experience South America as a nature paradise in a small area, should explore Costa Rica. Almost half of the country is covered by rain forest. Numerous animal species are to be found here like the White faced Capuchin, colourful parrots like the Macaw, Veruga Parakeets and Tapirs.
Also lizards from primeval times have their habitat in this region of the planet. The small central American nation not only fascinates with a rich fauna and flora but also with a wonder world under water. Insights into the fascinating world of the jungle show examples like the epiphytes that make their way to the sky at the expense of her host plant.
A view into the culture of the Indian inhabitants of the rain forest of course does not come too briefly either. A diving excursion through the ocean waters of Cocos Island is the highlight of the journey. The spectator will get flesh crawl while watching hundreds of dangerous hammerhead sharks gliding past the camera.
Hong Kong translated means "fragrant harbour". The days of the spicy smoking ceremonies have passed, but MareTV has discovered many delightful contrasts between the metropolis and Mother Nature. In for-mer times, the rare eagle wood tree grew here. Its wood put the spice into the Taoist smoking ceremonies.
The fragrant harbour: what sounds so charming is today a huge metropolis in the sea. No other tiny piece of land is more densely populated. Star Ferries have been commuting between the Kowloon Peninsula and central Hong Kong for the past 125 years. The British colonial masters are long gone, but on the ancient ferries, virtually nothing has changed. Most of the ships are still clad in British Racing Green and the crew still wears the old, decorative uniforms.
Whether in Alaska or in the Dolomites, eagles are generally seen as Kings of the skies. This film devotes itself on the one hand to the bald eagle, the heraldic bird of the United States, and on the other, the Golden Eagle, Europe's largest predatory bird. Many bald eagles live in the Chilkoot State Park in Alaska's south. In fact, more than 400 pairs reside there for the entire year. With a wingspan of some 2.5 metres, they are amongst the largest of their species. The offspring have to leave the eyrie by September at the latest, as then, winter sets in.
On clear, starry nights, one can experience the Northern Lights. There are certain places where especially many eagles group. 3000 to 4500 of them. Because, beneath the Chilkat ice blanket, chum salmon feel at home. The reason for this is the volcanic activity of the surrounding areas. Hot sources feed the different tributaries of the Chilkat. It is the fourth and final salmon migration of the year - nowhere else does this take place so late in the year.
This combination of ice-free water and spawning fish facilitates the survival of many young eagles through their first winter. In the Dolomites, we observe a Golden Eagle couple and their offspring. The strategy of hunter and hunted is impressively documented. For the very first time we experience a groundhog's fight for survival, attempting to flee the eagles' eyrie at a height of 2000 meters, despite the fact this means confrontation with the eagle's offspring. Golden Eagles have virtually conquered the entire northern hemisphere. But the future hunting grounds of the young eagles belongs to the most beautiful: the Dolomites - as majestic as the Kings of the skies.
Dubai is a city of many faces: towering office and hotel skyscrapers and oriental bustle in Bur Dubai, the old town quarter. Mubashir Malik came here from Pakistan when he was just 18. He had heard a lot about Dubai: A place, where a lot of money can be earned, without being especially qualified. Now he has been driving a water taxi on the Dubai Creek for the past four years and feels like a rich man.
Brothers Arif and Faisal Matraushi are both passionate fishermen. Arif fishes from the evening to midnight, while Faisal drives to the Dubai fish market every morning at 3 a.m. to sell the catch.
Jeremy Sabaneer has worked his way up. He is manager of the "Leba-non" island in the middle of the "World", as Dubai's ambitious offshore island project is known. Jeremy began here more than 15 years ago, as a Pakistani migrant worker. Now he has his hands full. A bank has rented his party island for a company event. Jeremy takes to the air with water plane pilot Andrew Kennedy to check his world from above. And in the desert location of Lahbab, "mareTV" encounters racing camel coaches. Since the protests against the use of children as jockeys became more violent, they now replaced them with robots. High tech in a traditional sport. Typical Dubai….
With Memories of mountaineer legend Hans Kammerlander this documentary introduces you to perhaps the most beautiful mountain range on earth - the Dolomites in South Tyrol.
Enjoy an "Eagle eye" view of awesome mountain landscapes which even extreme rock climbers rarely have the opportunity to see. Mountaineering legend Hans Kammerlander accompanies us as we explore his home alpine region.
These peculiar and roughly rabbit-sized rodents enjoy great popularity at the Großglockner in the Austrian Alps. Before the last ice age, marmots used to live in the lowland of Tirol, but with the melting of the glaciers they were driven higher up into the mountains – a trend that will continue given the current climate change. Today, they simply feel too warm below 800 meters. In spring, as soon as the temperatures begin to rise, marmots leave their dens after a nearly six-month long hibernation. After eating their share and recovering from the long fast, losing up to a third of their body weight, the most important thing is founding a family.
And that sometimes involves rather fierce territorial conflicts amongst the males. As long as there is snow covering the meadows, the marmots run a high risk being out – golden eagles are looking for prey. But the marmots have an efficient warning system set up: while the group is feeding, several sentinels are located around the meadow, warning the others by shrill whistling. At the start of summer, the young ones will appear and need to be extra careful.
The second part of the journey from Croatia goes from the island of Vis to Dubrovnik. At the time of communist Yugoslavia, but also long before, Vis was restricted due to its excellent strategic position. Also Tito's partisan army had its headquarters in a cave in Mount Hum. The waters around Vis count to the most fishy of the Adriatic. Far above its regional boundaries, however, Vis is neither known for its wine nor for the rich fish rich in the sea.
The Blue Grotto of Bisevo is the main reason for many tourists coming from Split or from the surrounding islands. Makarska is the most famous tourist resort on the Croatian Riviera. After the war in Croatia in the 1990s, the city was modernized with great effort. The historic old town experienced an addition to new hotels, restaurants and shops. With an area of 396 square kilometers, Brac is the third largest island of the Adriatic and the largest of Croatia.
The "goldene Horn", a sandhorn about 300 m long, is the tourist landmark. However, Brac is known worldwide, especially among the handworkers. The white house in Washington / USA was built from the snow-white Bracer limestone. Another important place is the island of Korcula. The parents of Marco Polo, the most important seafarer of European history, lived here. Whether her famous son was born here, is not handed down. Highlight of this part of the trip to Croatia is the visit of the city of Dubrovnik, the city of churches and monasteries.
The island of Brehat comprises of two halves, which could not be more different if they tried: in the north there are only cliffs, sand paths and a few rakish islanders. In the south are the second homes of wealthy Parisian families. Maud Galant, a teacher at the island school, prepares herself to face one of the biggest ever changes of her life: she has to move home - from North to South Brehat!
Jacques Jolibois is the lock operator in Paimpol Harbour. The water level drops and falls here up to twelve metres daily, but not behind the lock! For the past 30 years, Jacques has mastered the enormous tidal range for shipping and, as an offset, has furnished his lock operator's hut like a cosy home, with his favourite couch and a television.
Scallops are a delicacy of the region: nowhere else in Europe can boast such an abundance of these fruits of the sea, but at the same time, nowhere else in Europe is mussel fishing as dangerous as it is here, off the Granite Coast. Last season, Jean Daniel's cutter foundered at high tide, crashed into rocks and sank. But he is as determined as ever to go back out to sea. A true Breton!
The Santorini archipelago is a gem, but is located on a veritable powder keg. It is only a matter of time before the volcano, the crater rim of which gave us this island world, erupts again. Since January 2011, threatening rumblings have been perceived beneath the archipelago.
On Santorini, it's a case of getting nowhere fast without a mule. Whether the restaurant terraces above the abyss of Oia, the hotels on the breath-taking cliffs of Imerovigli or Firostefani, it was only with the help of the stubborn climbing artists, that these daring constructions were made possible. Antonis Vlachos has ten strong mules that work for him. He transports almost everything with them: stones, food or the typically blue paint for the church domes.
Santorini is a tourist magnet and up to five cruise ships call in at the islands daily. However, there is no port, just a narrow, concrete quay. Without the tender boats, no guests would ever reach the shore.
Bermuda lies just one thousand kilometres off the American mainland. The Spanish seafarers who were stranded here on the coral reefs, referred to them as "Devilish Islands". This didn't stop the British, who decided to add the group of islands to the British crown.
To this day, the "British way of life" is celebrated. The locals, resplendent in shorts and kneehigh socks and with military honours, celebrate the Queen's birthday, fight for the survival of an already, ostensibly extinct bird species, cultivate vegetables in communal gardens and get their drinking water form their roofs.
Sardinia is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean. The Sardin-ians themselves say it's a "continent for itself", a virtual world of its own, full of magic: A beach, gleaming in unreal pink shades, red corals protect against the evil eye and the inhabitants seem to remain forever young. On Sardinia, the owners of luxury yachts adopt sheep, fish have gold in their bellies and a giant mussel supplies the material for legendary sea silk. No one is surprised, that the Madonna goes on a sea cruise once a year.
The Aurora Province is located on the East-Central part of Luzon Island, the main Island of the Philippines. The province of Aurora covers the eastern portion of the Sierra Madre Mountains, hence it is generally mountainous. Its coastline spans 332 kilometres in length. Aurora is a province blessed with an abundance of tourist attractions. It has its share of historical sites such as the home and resthouse of former Phil-ippine President Manuel L. Quezon. The province also has a beautiful Catholic church and several historical markers. Its natural attractions include picturesque waterfalls, lush greenery on mountainsides, and panoramic beaches. Surfing, snorkelling, scuba diving, mountain climb-ing and trekking are only some of the activities you can enjoy in Aurora. The social life is dominated by a mixture of old traditions of the natives and modern arts. So the displeasing dances of former head hunters can be admired as well as the work of highly talented artists of today's time. The population lives predominantly on farming and skilled crafts. It is conspicuous how engaged scientists work out solutions for an eco-logical lasting way of managing agriculture and to increase the conser-vation management. The influence of Spanish conquerors in Auroras history is still present at many places trough to the architectural style of historic buildings. Also a big Part of the population is Catholic.
Not only butterfly collectors, but also scientists have an intense interest in the magnificent creature. But never before has the life of this endangered species and its development from egg to caterpillar, then cocoon and finally as a complete butterfly, been so fascinatingly and excitingly presented. This documentary includes unique slow-motion sequences of the Apollo in flight, dramatic footage of its struggle in the face of rain and storm, hitherto unobserved wild bee attacks, fighting for the last drops of nectar from flowers.
Unfortunately, the beautiful Apollo cannot be spotted in many of its former habitats between Siberia and France, as it has practically become extinct in most regions since the middle of the last century. On its search for light, warmth and nutrition, there are few refuges where it can find an intact environment. One of the last areas in which the Apollo can be found, and at the same time home to the largest interrelated population in Germany, is the Mosel Valley. Here are the Apollo's sun terraces.
In a land of dangers, plant-eating animals are always at risk, and never more so than at the time of their birth; out on the open they are vulnerable and there are few places to hide. But luckily some are born to run…
Out on the African plains life can get off to a shaky start. Millions of baby wildebeests, zebras and antelopes are born at the same time. All of them must struggle to their feet in minutes. They must master their legs and be ready to run with the herd. If they don't they will be picked off by predators like lions, cheetahs, or crocodiles.
Whatever their role in life, little ones will face one challenge after another, whether it's trying to keep up with the herd during migration, getting stuck in the mud during a drought, being separated from its mother, panicking in bad weather, or even coming face to face with a predator.
The point will come in every young animal's life when the skills it learned will be put to good use. One of the most powerful wake-up calls to the harsh reality of nature comes to a young wildebeest during its migration. A dramatic river crossing, where there are more than just fast currents and steep banks to deal with - a river teaming with crocodiles. One by one his herd mates are picked off by the great reptiles, but when his time comes he proves he was born to run!
It's a water world and life couldn't survive without it. And thanks to it, a mind blowing diversity of creatures thrive beneath the surface. Born to enjoy the riches underwater they must master their body's adaptations, learn to find food, to escape danger and above all become expert swimmers! Whether it's in rivers, on beaches or in the deep ocean, all must overcome the obstacles and fulfil their destiny, all are born to swim!
Of all the habitats on earth, the ocean is perhaps the most challenging. Here salt, temperatures, currents and predators can make life difficult; it's not an obvious place to want to bring up your babies… But even in these waters generation after generation beats the odds. They have overcome the challenges and become some of the most beautiful and graceful of creatures. But any baby born to swim has a lot to learn…
All over the world there are creatures born to swim, and though humans are not, we seem determined to join them. Perhaps we are envious of their grace. Maybe we are all water babies at heart.
Baby animals beguile with their innocent charm. But while some remain harmless, others have a deep-rooted instinct. It may take weeks or months of training to hone their skills, but in every corner of the globe predators emerge. Their landscapes and lifestyles maybe very different, but these babies are born to hunt.
Predators come in all shapes and sizes, from tiny but hardy Arctic foxes to snowy owls, speedy cheetahs, agile pumas and mighty polar bears. They will all face their own unique set of challenges before they earn their titles as top predators.
Fox cubs must learn to hunt, but their Arctic home is teaming with bird-life during the summer and geese and gulls often end up on the menu. For a while the cubs have it easy, but the summer is short-lived this far north and before long they will need to leave their mothers and face the harsh reality of winter alone - with a ticking clock they must learn to hunt. But while foxes rely on cunning, cheetah cubs must get the hang of running fast; they are destined to become the fastest runners on earth and will use their skills to chase down nimble gazelles. In fact by working together, young cheetahs are able to go after larger prey - joining forces to outsmart an aggressive ostrich or even to take down a large wildebeest.
No matter whether they are born to the forest or plains or even the frigid tundra, every landscape has its predators, and though it may not be easy at first, with a little help from their mothers all are born to hunt.
The Emirate Abu Dhabi was founded on an island, surrounded by a mangrove belt. In the meantime and many skyscrapers and artificially created islands later, the town has become one of the world's most modern metropolises. To ensure that the inhabitants of the sea are not in danger of losing their environment due to this turbo growth, Nathalie Staelens has been brought in.
The Belgian environment engineer has the task of relocating hawksbill turtles to Saadiyat Island. In doing so, she often requires the services of the lifeguards. She knows that every call means a safe turtle!
Mohammed Hamid arrives at the Al Ain oasis shortly before sunrise in his mini transporter. A dozen dromedaries crowd around the loading area. Mohammed wants to sell them at the largest camel market in the entire Emirates.
Every day, around 1000 animals change hands here and buyers and sellers haggle prices until the sun goes down again. Even more sought after are the animals that Abdullah Alnher has on offer between the camel boxes: falcons. For the Emiratis, these animals are the number one status symbol - more so than cars, yachts and jewellery.
La Mesa – A Mexican prison just over the US border. The inmates? Drug traffickers, rapists, cartel killers. They have tough times ahead. They hardly get to leave their cells. They sleep, eat, pee, all in a very confined space. Two square meters each – for up to eight inmates.
La Mesa is ruled with an iron fist – and for good reason. Its story is infamous. Cartel bosses used to rule this place which was full of drugs, prostitution and violence. Another bleak chapter followed – times of riots and fatalities. Nowadays, La Mesa is carefully controlled. Inmates are separated and locked away.
Like cartel killer Francisco Javier Villa Padilla, sentenced for murdering police officers. After killing his victims, he hung their bodies from a bridge. He has been in La Mesa for seven years. Every day, he trains in his tiny cell. He knows that when he gets out, killers will be after him.
The American Taylor Elliott Howard was sentenced for car theft and possession of a weapon. He shares a cell with six fellow countrymen. Americans in a Mexican prison? Treated like scum. Every day, Taylor hopes to somehow survive the next nine years. And rustle up some money. In La Mesa, inmates have to pay for everything – even toilet paper.
In charge of the place? Director Cesar Daniel Acevedo. La Mesa is the sixth Mexican prison he has tried to sort out. Every day he does everything to ensure that the inmates don’t gain control of La Mesa again.
Armavir Prison – Armenia's declaration of war on gangster culture.
Once, inmates in Armenian prisons fell into the hands of the "Thieves in Law"- a criminal brotherhood rejecting state authority and living by its own code. They control the prison and control drug trade and smuggling. Nobody knows their leaders, but their power is immense. Armavir prison is the first attempt at limiting their influence by locking them into dedicated cell blocks to protect the other prisoners.
Georg Avangyan is afraid. He's in trouble with the "Thieves in Law". Smuggled goods were found in his cell several times. This time, it was a kitchen knife. He's not afraid of the prison management, but of the brotherhood's power. The "Thieves in Law" expect more cell searches and send a signal to Georg's co-inmates: they are to teach the repeat offender a lesson.
Panicking, Georg had himself voluntarily locked in a single cell. He may be imagining it all, though. His cell block was considered safe from the brotherhood.
Arsen Artstruni prefers to avoid the criminal subculture. He has been in prison for over 20 years. He ordered a double murder as a terrorist in the 1990s and was sentenced to death for it. He didn't see the sun during the first 8 years. While his punishment was converted to life in prison, he has no idea if he will ever be released. He hasn't lost his will to live, though. Arsen is the first Armenian prisoner with a university degree in psychology.
El Hongo – a high-security bunker in Mexico´s desert. Sensors, cameras, mobile phone jammers – this prison is a veritable high-tech fortress. Snipers on fifteen guard towers make sure that nothing can get in or out. El Hongo is deemed perfectly incorruptible – in a country in which corruption runs through all levels of society like cancer. It is subject to immense violence and aggression among the inmates. Organized crime, cartel bosses, corrupt government members – the prisoners here would be able to endanger the safety of the entire country. Anyone who makes trouble will be sent to the punishment block. With sentences up to seventy years, many of the inmates have nothing to lose.
Inmate Gabriel has been behind bars for 15 years on charges of kidnapping. He comes from LA and is a member of a Hispanic gang "Blythe Street". For 10 years, he has been kept in special custody away from other prisoners. He is far from being as isolated as he makes his jailers believe…
Cell neighbor Gilbert hasn’t been outside of prison walls for more than 16 years. He snuffed out innumerable human lives for a Mexican cartel. In prison, he has to learn to come to terms with loneliness and dull monotony of his daily life without any help from the outside.
Carlos – the custodian of evil. For 10 years, the commander has been watching over El Hongo. One minute of straying attention may cost Carlos his life. The inmates can virtually smell the tension of their guards.
The Carcel Distrital is located in one of the most dangerous quarters of Bogotá. Nearly 950 men and 50 women are imprisoned here. Most are still awaiting their final judgment. Their long wait may last for years: Justice in Columbia works slowly. Very slowly.
This leads to great frustration. Many frustrated people in one place will always lead to great problems.
Disputes, fights and riots are everyday occurrences.
The 170 staff members have their hands full with unannounced raids, inspections of the inmates and fights for power with the prisoners.
The prisoners fight back. They play by their own rules – illegal ones. Even in prison they continue to take drugs, carry weapons and continue their illegal transactions. One is always involved: the boss of the gang! He has people around him to do his jobs, such as acquiring drugs and weapons.
If caught, they will be in trouble; the sanctions are solitary confinement, extension of the sentence or visiting bans.
Support and help from family is important for the inmates. On visiting days, they have two hours to pretend everything is ok, hold their children and their loved ones. After precisely two hours, they have to say farewell, not knowing when they will meet gain.
The bleak life in prison continues with its daily fights.
All inmates share one thing: They want out as quickly as they can, and never return behind bars! But they must fight for that: against the slow course of justice and against their criminal selves.
It's just a small prison, but a hard one. The Carcel Distrital in Bogotá, Colombia.
Every day, the prison staff of 170 ensures stern discipline and order within the red brick walls. Their batons are loose and the inmates have to line up to be counted several times per day. Unannounced raids bring out a number of forbidden objects. This strict approach is necessary. The nearly 1000 inmates aren't used to rules.
Outside, they did whatever they wanted. In here, they try the same. Gangs, drugs, weapons - this prison has it all. In particular, it has a great many problems. Every day, fights for power usually end in severe injuries.
The inmates not only turn their weapons against others, but also against themselves. Many imprisoned here cannot stand their lives. Injuring themselves is a way to handle their hopelessness.
Others can only suffer life in prison by taking drugs. Getting them is easy. The location of the Carcel Distrital facilitates smuggling. One good throw over the prison walls and the drug package is inside the yard.
The gangster bosses do their business and make their money in prison – also by blackmailing other inmates. If it comes out, they will be put in isolation for a few days. That's the worst punishment for the prisoners. The prison within the prison makes their despair even worse.
All of them share one goal: turning their backs on the harsh life in prison and never coming back. A goal that few will achieve.
South Cotabato Jail. One of the most overcrowded prisons in the world. Murderers, rapists, and drug dealers. The guilty and the innocent. All are behind bars together. In a jail designed for 600 prisoners, more than 2000 inmates are crammed into cells the size of shoe boxes. The prison is bursting at the seems, and there is no hope of improvement. For the inmates have not even been convicted. Thanks to President Duterte’s war on drugs, the Filipino justice system is totally overwhelmed. Instead of only putting those convicted behind bars, thousands of accused individuals are forced to await a verdict together in inhuman conditions: cramped space, tropical heat, insufficient water, and, worst of all, a jail that is ruled by the inmates. The guards can’t control the mass of prisoners. As a result, the jail is dominated by hierarchies and power relations.
Ronniel Dumagit doesn’t yet know what awaits him. He’s a newbie. It’s his first time in jail. But faster than he’d like he’ll learn how the prison works, what the hierarchy looks like, and how he has to behave in order to survive.
One prisoner decides what status and privileges each of the other inmates have inside the prison. They call him El Presidente: Glecerio de Pedro and his henchmen rule the prison. The guards are totally outnumbered. They use surprise inspections to try to increase their authority, but they can’t change the situation. Nor can they do anything about the daily struggle for survival, for space, for air.
Colony 100 – Ukraine’s prison for hardened criminals.
Serial killers, child abusers, repeat offenders. All those behind the walls of this Soviet-built prison have already done time in at least three other Ukrainian jails – and learned nothing from that experience. Or they have committed crimes so heinous that they will never again leave their 100-square-foot-cell in the maximum security wing. The prison is marked by an omnipresent hopelessness that seems to go hand in hand with its architectural dreariness.
Alexander knows the procedure by heart. Speak only when spoken to. Hands crossed behind your back. Stop at every white line. And for God’s sake, always look down.
Today he’s getting locked up for the fourth time. This time he committed armed assault. He’s been to jail before for drugs, theft, and stabbing. But this time he hasn’t been sent to some town jail. No, he’s in Colony 100. THE prison for repeat offenders. And Alexander knows that if he hopes to be released again, he must adapt from day one. And not call attention to himself. Either from the guards, or from the other 300 inmates...
Rusha doesn’t ponder such things. He murdered 29 people, and he’ll probably never see the world outside the maximum-security wing again. Instead, each day he tries to find something to occupy himself in his isolated and dismal world. Waiting for an upcoming meeting with a psychologist distract him from reality. Other than his cellmate and the guards, no one has spoken to him in years.
Start of the Video at 2:25!
‘RAF Habbaniya, Iraq, Jewel of the Desert’, Tells the story of the part the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force played in forming and maintaining peace in the Kingdom of Iraq, from 1915 to the final bloody end of the Hashemite Monarchy in 1959.
Starting with Allied Mesopotamian Campaign against the Ottoman Turks during the First World War and the Arab Revolt, aided by Laurence of Arabia, that liberated of the Arab Nations.
In 1920 Lord Trenchard - Father of the RAF - proved that inaccessible and sparsely populated countries like Iraq could be policed from the air and subsequently in 1937, RAF Habbaniya - the largest RAF Station in the World – opened, this was Trenchard’s dream of ‘Air Policing’ come true; constructed on the banks of the River Euphrates, 55 miles (90km) west of Baghdad, it housed over 10,000 occupants.
Built with every modern technological advance and comfort of the time; opulent gardens, tinkling fountains, tree lined avenues, palatial buildings, a hospital, swimming pools, cinemas and even a race course this was the RAF’s “Super Posting”.
With the onset of World War Two this “Jewel in the Desert” became a flying school, and in 1942, without warning, a Nazi backed uprising threatened to kick Britain out of Iraq and hand Iraq’s Oil Supplies to Germany.
RAF Habbaniya was besieged and the fragile training aircraft put to war alongside RAF armoured cars and Levies, locally recruited ground troops, in a desperate struggle; first against the Iraqi Nationalist army and air force, then the Luftwaffe and finally the Regia Aeronautica.
The outcome of the siege and many other dramatic events in RAF Habbaniya’s history are recounted by RAF Veterans and illustrated with previously unseen film from the RAF Museum Archive, British Pathé newsreels, Imperial War Museum and the veteran’s own films and photographs.
This little-known story builds a fascinating, and sometimes violent, picture of the 45-year British military presence in Iraq - through peace, two World Wars, the Cold War and the abrupt and bloody coup d'état that ended the RAF’s 23-year occupation at Habbaniya in 1959.